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2019年泄露天机高考押题卷 英语(二)学生版















封 座位号

班级

姓名

准考证号

考场号

绝密 ★ 启用前
2019 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英 语 (二)

注意事项: 1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2 . 回 答 选 择 题 时 ,选 出 每 小 题 答 案 后 ,用 铅 笔 把 答 题 卡 上 对 应 题 目 的 答 案 标 号 涂 黑 。如
需 改 动 ,用 橡 皮 擦 干 净 后 ,再 选 涂 其 它 答 案 标 号 。回 答 非 选 择 题 时 ,将 答 案 写 在 答 题 卡 上 , 写在本试卷上无效。
3.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)略 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到
答题卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。

听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A.£19.15.

B.£9.18.

C.£9.15.

答案是 C。

1. Where does the conversation probably tae place?

A. In a printing shop.

B. At a boostore.

C. In a library.

2. What is the man allowed to prepare?

A. The sauces.

B. The salad.

C. The drins.

3. When will the man need to be in his seat?

A. No later than 715pm.

B. No later than 725pm. C. Anytime before 730pm.

4. How does the woman feel about her new teacher?

A. She feels nervous.

B. She admires her.

C. She is dissatisfied.

5. What are the speaers taling about?

A. A novel.

B. A newspaper.

C. A person.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选

出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5

秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6. What color jacet will the woman wear?

A. Blac.

B. Blue.

C. Green.

7. What will the woman do first?

A. Go to movie.

B. Buy Mary a dress.

C. Attend a birthday party.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。

8. Which night is dessert night?

A. Monday.

B. Tuesday.

C. Wednesday.

9. What activities are on Thursday night?

A. Some discussions.

B. Some lectures.

C. Some games.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

10. Why does the man mae the phone call?

A. To order some machines.

B. To as for a colored picture.

C. To confirm the delivery time.

11. What will the woman do this afternoon?

A. Fa the man a brochure.

B. Wor out the agreement.

C. Attend a meeting.

12. When will the man sign the agreement?

A. This evening.

B. Tomorrow morning.

C. Tomorrow noon.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。

13. How often does the man travel abroad each year?

A. One to three times.

B. Four to si times. C. Seven to ten times.

14. Which ind of currency does the man carry least of when he travels?

A. Euros.

B. Pounds.

C. American dollars.

15. For what does the man usually use the credit cards?

A. Tais.

B. Newspapers.

C. Meals.

16. What contact detail does the man give to the woman?

A. His address.

B. His email.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。

C. His number.

17. How long did the festival last?

A. 5 days.

B. 13 days.

C. 17 days.

18. What is the festival famous for?

A. Dance.

B. Street music.

C. Art ehibitions.

19. Where does Circus Romano perform?

A. In a tent.

B. In a garden.

C. In a theatre.

20. What type of audience is the Meong Water Activity aimed at?

A. Adults.

B. Young children.

C. The whole family.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Celebrate your birthday under the arches at Pacific Science Center. Weeend birthday party pacages
include a variety of fun and educational hands-on activities designed to ignite(点燃) curiosity in all ages, as well as a liquid nitrogen(液氮) demonstration that uses the power of chemistry to create ice cream right before your eyes! When the festivities are over, your party can spend the rest of the day eploring our hundreds of interactive ehibits.
Call (206) 443-3611 Monday-Friday from 830 a.m.-430 p.m. to boo your birthday party. Please note Parties must be scheduled at least two wees prior to your desired date. All dates and times are booed on a first come, first-served basis and are subject to availability. Please contact us with any special requests or accommodations needed for your child by calling the number above. Party Pacage & Pricing The party includes General admission for all party guests to Pacific Science Center’s ehibits A birthday party assistant to greet and direct guests to the room E-invitations to send to guests Theme of your choice (options below) A decorated party room to match your theme—Feel free to bring your own decorations, but no helium(氦气) balloons or confetti(五彩纸屑).

A liquid nitrogen ice cream demonstration

Mae-and-tae activity for party guests, based on your theme

Full payment is due upon booing.

Party Pacage

Member Price

Non-Member Price

Covers up to 30 guests

$350

$375

Covers up to 40 guests

$430

$455

Please note The total number of party guests includes anyone age 3 and over and any adults.

Add On To Your Party!

Mae your child’s birthday party etra special with one of our add-on options

Lunch, snac and beverage options from our café

Discounted group IMA movie or Laser Show ticets

Discounted group ticets for Hyperspace, a virtual reality adventure (ages 10 and up)

We do not offer birthday caes, but you are welcome to provide your own.

Party Themes

Choose one of the following themes for your science-themed birthday party.

Astronomy

Coming Soon! Innovator Studio

Bugs & Butterflies

Spy Academy

Dinosaurs

Weird Science

21. If you want to celebrate your birthday at Pacific Science Center, you should ________.

A. boo on Sunday by calling the phone

B. mae plans at least two wees in advance

C. enjoy the special requests without informing

D. choose the party themes and bring the confetti

22. If the number of your guests is 36, how much should you pay with a membership?

A. $430.

B. $455.

C. $350.

D. $375.

23. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. You don’t have to bring the birthday caes.

B. Besides the festivities, you can eplore the interactive ehibits with your guests.

C. To mae the birthday party special, you can choose all the add-on options at a time.

D. An eight-year-old boy doesn’t tae up the number of party guests.

B

Today all inds of interesting interactions occurred. First, at the soup itchen, one of the guests gave several of us peppermint candies! That’s the first time that ever happened! It was so sweet and I am happy to receive his gratitude.
Another lady needed me to listen to her and ased me to pray for her husband. I hugged her and said of course I would. I always love hearing their stories if they want to share. So, so much love in just dissolving any barrier of “you” and “me” and seeing all of us as family.
Afterwards I went to the cafe to do some grading wor and grab a sandwich before heading off to the net gathering. There was an older lady who was looing for an empty table. There was one empty table in the bac, but I pushed my papers aside and gestured for her to sit across from me and she did. That then led to me getting to listen to this amaing Holocaust survivor’s life story (she is 84 years old!). It was such a gift to share lunch with her! Sadly I had to leave after a while, but it was so lovely to have lunch with a stranger and feel connected to her. As she said “The only things that matter in life are health, family and friends.”
As I was driving to a friend’s gathering I couldn’t help but reflect on the beauty of the day in all of the interactions I had, and just marveling(感到惊讶) at life…and then I am just AWESTRUC by this full RAINBOW that I can see right net to me…lie the universe saying “yup you got it!” I smiled to myself for the rest of the ride. So many gifts in each day…I am overflowing with gratitude.
24. Why did the author push his papers aside? A. To help the owner of the café. B. To mae himself comfortable. C. To mae friends with the older lady. D. To mae room for the older lady.
25. Which of the following can we infer from the passage? A. The author finds a barrier everywhere. B. The author lies the full RAINBOW very much. C. The author enjoys all sorts of the sharing. D. The author nows the lady’s husband.
26. What do we learn from the older lady? A. We should put our health, family and friends first. B. Her parents were illed during the Holocaust. C. She is lonely and helpless all her life. D. She will mae friends with the author soon.

27. Which of the following is the best tittle of the passage? A. Being a listener can dissolve the barrier B. We all should give gifts to the strangers C. We all should be grateful for life D. It’s important to be ind C Few things are more satisfying than sleeping late on weeends. But though the etra sleep may improve
your mood, they do not appear to improve your health. Because a new study shows that so-called “recovery sleep” cannot reset the body’s metabolic cloc…instead it may actually lead to some serious health issues.
“Sleep loss can impact a range of physiological systems. It can increase our ris for cardiovascular disease(心血管疾病), it can cause weight gain, it can decrease insulin sensitivity, so it can increase our ris of diabetes(糖尿病). Christopher Depner, an assistant professor of the University of Colorado, said in a conference last Sunday. “We were really interested in how this sort of cycle of insufficient sleep, weeend recovery sleep, can impact your ris of obesity and metabolic disease.”
Depner and his colleagues invited volunteers to a nine-day snooe-a-thon. One group was allowed to get a full night’s sleep. The net was ept to just five hours each night. And the third group went bac and forth, restricted to five hours of shut-eye during the worwee, allowed as much sleep as they wanted over the weeend, and then bac to five hours for the last couple days. “Well, the ey findings from this study show that when we maintain insufficient short sleep schedules during a typical wor or school wee, we find that this leads people to eat more than they need and this leads to weight gain.” So it seems a loss of sleep leads to a spie in snacing. But even more surprising, sleeping in on the weeend doesn’t help—and even maes things worse.
“We found that after the weeend, when they went bac to getting insufficient sleep during the wor or school wee, their liver and their muscle insulin sensitivity or blood sugar regulation was reduced. And this is not something we had found in people who maintained long insufficient sleep schedules. So it’s possible that, yes, this is a worsening of the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar for those specific tissues after the weeend.”

28. Which of the following is NOT the possible result of insufficient sleep?

A. Liver disease.

B. Diabetes. C. Cardiovascular disease. D. Stomachache.

29. What’s the purpose of the study of the nine-day snooe-a-thon?

A. To confirm the benefit of the sleep loss.

B. To confirm the influence of the recovery sleep.

C. To find which group is the strongest.

D. To demonstrate the importance of sleep.

30. What does the underlined word “spie” in Paragraph 3 mean?

A. Reduce.

B. Spread.

C. Stop.

D. Increase.

31. What will happen if you have recovery sleep on weeend?

A. It will improve your health.

B. It will help you recover the body’s metabolic cloc.

C. It will result in serious health issues.

D. It will lead to the increased blood pressure.

D

Life insurance is among the oldest financial products. The Amicable Society, founded in London in

1706, charged members a set contribution and paid out annually to widows and children of those who had

died in the previous 12 months. Today it is a vast industry life and health insurers employ over 800,000

people in America alone. It protects hundreds of millions against the ris of dying early, through death benefits,

or the ris of living longer than epected, for eample through annuities(养老金). According to Allian, a German

insurer, total life-insurance epenses are above 5% of GDP in many rich countries, including Britain, France,

Italy and Japan. In America, the world’s biggest maret, annual epenses total more than $550 billion.

But life insurers are struggling as never before. Those parts of the industry that have not evolved fast

enough, says Clive Bannister, the head of Phoeni Group, a “closed” life insurer that buys and manages old

policies but issues no new ones, have eperienced a “demolition”(毁灭). He lists half a doen British life

insurers that eisted 15 years ago but no longer do.

The American life-insurance unit of AA, a French insurer, is just the latest sign of worries about the

industry’s prospects on May 10th. Shares were priced at $20, well below the epected $24-27. Among its

difficulties are low interest rates, which mae it hard to fulfill promises of guaranteed returns on some products,

and costly new regulations. Since 2016 Europe has required much more capital to be held against long-term

debt, lie those of life insurers. That has prompted some to see to rebalance their businesses. AA has not only

listed its American life arm this year but also announced the purchase of L, a Bermuda-based property-and-

casualty insurer.

More serious still are demographic(人口学的) pressures. As the rich world ages and retires, total life-

insurance epenses are flat or falling. In developed countries they fell by 0.5% in 2016 in real terms, according

to Swiss Re, a reinsurer. Some countries have fallen off a cliff, including Australia(an 18.2% drop in 2017 in

nominal terms) and Japan(11.3%), where negative interest rates have declined returns and prompted some

life insurers to stop selling lump-sum death-benefit policies. The industry has long been used to accumulating new finances, with old policies sold off to specialists (such as Phoeni). It will now have to adjust to “decumulation”, says Henri Naujs of Bain & Company, a consultancy.

32. Which country does AA belong to?

A. France.

B. American.

C. Japan.

D. Australia.

33. Which of the following would Clive Bannister most probably agree with?

A. The insurance is a more serious problem than before.

B. The American annual epenses are the biggest one in the world.

C. There are more and more life insurers as time goes by.

D. The life-insurance epenses of the developing countries also fell fast in 2016.

34. Where does this tet probably come from?

A. Fashion news. B. Financial news. C. Sports news. D. Entertainment news.

35. What would the author probably discuss after the last paragraph?

A. The sensible benefit of life insurance business.

B. The bright prospects of life insurance business.

C. The way to solve the problems of life insurance business.

D. The fast development of life insurance business.

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Bloating(胀气)is often caused by eating certain foods, in particular, those high in fibre. But fibre
shouldn’t be the enemy when it comes to bloating, according to nutritionist Cassandra Barns. 36 Don’t cut out fibre Fibre plays an important role in one’s health, and the shortage of it will lead to healthy problems.
___37__ Cassandra eplained “A lac of fibre can contribute to constipation(便秘).” 38
While eating as much fibre as possible may seem a healthy option, eating too much can also play havoc(灾害)with your digestive system.
Cassandra said “Too much fibre may not be helpful for those with bloating, flatulence or abdominal pain, especially insoluble fibre such as that found in wheat bran, seeds and nuts and there tough parts of

vegetables and fruits such as their sins.” Which grains to choose If you’re partial to eating grains as your source of fibre, there are certain ones considered better than
others at reducing bloating. Cassandra said “If you eat grains, choose the ‘gentler’ ones such as brown rice and oats.”
How to prepare vegetables and fruits When it comes to fruits and vegetables, Cassandra advises putting in a bit of time to prepare them. She said “ 39 ” Nuts and seeds
40 Cassandra eplained “Soaing nuts and seeds in water for eight to 12 hours can help them to be more easily digested.” One nut in particular could be causing your bloating as well as stomach cramps.
A. Avoid fibre overload B. Before eating nuts and seeds there’s a simple step you should tae. C. eep off the vegetables and fruits. D. Here are some advice to remember when it comes to fibre and beating the bloat from her. E. For eample, a lac of fibre in a person’s diet can lead to bowel movement problems. F. You should leave them alone some days, so they can digest quicly. G. Peel or gently coo vegetables and fruits rather than eating them raw.

第三部分 语言知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 完型填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳
选项。

A year ago, I decided to create a more environmentally friendly and sustainable particularly on reducing my use of disposable products(一次性产品) such as 42

41 , focusing sandwich bags,

aluminum foil and paper towels.

It’s worth the effort Americans 43 185 pounds of plastic per person each year while also going

through 13 billion pounds of paper to a lot of people, but it can 45

44 as a nation. Aluminum foil sounds lie a “natural” alternative tae a hundred years or more to brea down. If composting(堆肥化)

itchen scraps or 46 old coffee grounds for a body scrub seems lie a step too far, there are a few

simple 47

to reduce the environmental footprint of your itchen without sacrificing modern

48 .

In 49 my sustainable itchen, I tried a lot of different alternative products and some plain old

50 sense; the result, however, has been 51 the effort. I’m recycling more and relying less on

single-use products.

I’m also a fan of bamboo paper towels, which have the loo and feel of 52 paper towels, yet

are made from a 53

renewable source and also brea down in landfills (填埋) in just 45 days.

___54 yet, they can be reused up to 100 times. I can prove how sturdy they are because I 55 a

single roll of bamboo paper towels for $7 a full year ago and still have more than half the roll left, using a

single bamboo towel to clean my countertops and stove for a few wees until it’s 56 . When I consider

that I 57 spent up to $15 a month on single-use paper towels before, that roll of bamboo paper

towels was a huge 58 .

The above is 59

a small step to be environmentally friendly. If you want more ways to

60_ reliance on plastics in your itchen, please feel free to log in my blog.

41. A. classroom

B. apartment

C. itchen D. accommodation

42. A. practical

B. plastic

C. tough

D. typical

43. A. put away

B. throw up

C. put up

D. throw away

44. A. towels

B. samples

C. articles

D. bargains

45. A. instantly

B. occasionally C. actually

D. slightly

46. A. removing

B. reusing

C. reviewing

D. recalling

47. A. ways

B. standards

C. systems

D. principles

48. A. requirements B. situations

C. conveniences D. qualities

49. A. creating

B. preserving

C. developing D. decorating

50. A. curious

B. common

C. available

D. invisible

51. A. worth

B. undeserved C. inefficient

D. negative

52. A. elegant

B. traditional

C. countless

D. cautious

53. A. definitely

B. properly

C. immediately D. highly

54. A. Farther

B. Fiercer

C. Better

D. Less

55. A. donated

B. consumed

C. bought

D. destroyed

56. A. turned out

B. piced out

C. figured out D. worn out

57. A. equally

B. probably

C. continuously D. immediately

58. A. possession

B. function

C. bargain

D. courage

59. A. just

B. already

C. never

D. even

60. A. affect

B. reduce

C. involve

D. inspire

第 II 卷
第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 In a world where the climate is changing at a rate, 61 has not eceeded in the geological record, the
Arctic is on the front lines, 62 (eperience) the most rapid warming of any region on the planet. Once it 63 (consider) remote and disconnected, but now we now that the 64 (change) within the Arctic can have a direct impact 65 the rest of the world, affecting physical and biological systems near and far at regional and global scales. Such changes range from how much solar radiation in the region 66 (reflect) bac into space to the structure of the ecological communities in Arctic waters; meanwhile, melting permafrost(多年冻土)is driving the transformation of froen tundra(苔原)into wetlands, and grassy plains are shifting into lusher landscapes of bushes and trees. 67 (understand) the scope and details of these changes, scientists 68 (strengthen) their efforts across all areas of Arctic research in the past few years. This collection highlights some of their most important and 69 (interest) findings, as published in the pages of Science as well as in other journals, offering 70 overview of the direction of the field.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处
语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Sir,
I am writing to report the lost of my wallet. On 1st March, 2019, I fly business class on your flight 753 from China to London.
I clear remember it was with me immediately I boarded the plane. However, on arrival of London Heathrow Airport, I found it go. I guess it must have slipped out my pocet during the flight. It is a blac leather one carried around 200 dollars, my ID card, and 2 credit cards in it. Along with the item mentioned above, a wallet contains a family photo, my precious memory. As you can imagine, these matter a lot to you.

Has anybody happened to find it? Please email to me at @126. Than you for your time and support.

Yours sincerely, Li Hua

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你叫李华。你的笔友 Chris 写信告诉你,他打算暑期你的家乡北京旅游。在信中他向你咨询
关于北京的一些情况。请你从以下几个方面给他写一封回信: 1. 气候宜人; 2. 历史名胜众多、自然风景闻名; 3. 美食荟萃; 4. 交通便利。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当发挥,以使行文连贯。 参考词汇:故宫 the Forbidden City;香山公园 Fragrant Hills Par;北京烤鸭 Beijing Roast Duc;
炸酱面 Noodles with Soy Bean Paste


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