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人教版七年级英语下册 Unit3 Section A (Grammar Focus-3c) 教学课件_图文

Unit 3 How do you get to school? Section A (Grammar Focus-3c) 学习目标 1.学习单词和短语sixty ,seventy, eighty, ninety, hundred, minute, kilometer, new, every day, by bike. 2.句型:How long does it take? How far is it ? 3、学习how对交通方式提问的特殊疑问句。 Key words and phrases: drive, car, live, walk to, drive one's car to work Key sentences: (1)—How do you get to school? —I ride my bike. (2)—How does she get to school? —She usually takes the bus. (3)—How long does it take to get to school? —It takes about 15 minutes. (4)—How far is it from your home to school? —It's only about two kilometers. 预习检测 翻译成英语。 1.距离学校10公里_I_t's__te_n_k_i_lo_m_e_t_er_s_from school 2.步行去学校__w_a_l_k_t_o_s_c_h_o_o_l_ 3.开车去上班_d_ri_v_e_o_n_e_'_s_c_a_r_t_o work 4.15分钟左右_a_b_o_u_t_1_5__m_i_n_u_t_es 5.多长时间___h_o_w__l_o_n_g____ 6.多远___h_o_w__fa_r______ 昨天我们学了什么? 1.ride a bike = by bike 骑自行车 2. take the subway = by subway 乘坐地铁 3. take the train = by train 乘坐火车 4. take a plane = by plane 5. take the bus = by bus 乘坐飞机 乘坐公交车 6. walk = on foot 7. get to 走路、步行 到达 1.take 用法 ? 乘坐某种交通工具去某地 take + the/a + 交通工具 + to + 地点 = get/go to + 某地 + by + 交通工具 1. I take the train to school. = I get to school __b_y__tr_a_i_n__. 注意: 当home, here, there 作地点时, 不加to。 Linda takes the bus home. 琳达乘公交车回家。 ? 花费 Lisa: How long does it take you to get to school? 莉萨:你到学校需要用多少时间? “It takes sb. some time to do sth.”是固定用法, 意为“_某__人__做_某__事__花__费__一_段__时__间__。”.it 是形 式主语,不定式_t_o_d_o_s_t_h是. 真正的主语。如 果对时间宾语提问,要用__H_o_w__lo_n_g_引导的 特殊疑问句。 (1)我的爸爸每天早晨锻炼半个小时。 It _t_a_k_e_s_ my father half an hour t_o_e_x_e_r_c_ise every morning. 2.How far is it from your home to school? 1)本句中it指代的是___距__离_____ 2)how far 意为_____多__远____,用于询问两地 间的距离,答语要用表示距离的词语。如: 从你家到图书馆有多远? __H__o_w__ __f_a_r__ is it ___fr_o_m___your home __t_o___ the library? 3. every 意为“每一” 后面接可数名词单数,如:every student 每个 学生,every day每一天 我们学一些日常英语吧。 every day和 everyday Let’s learn some everyday English. everyday“日常 的、每日的”, 是形容词,在 句中只作定语 every day是副 词词组,在句 中作状语,表 示“每天、天 天” 我们每天讲英语。 We speak English every day. 4. have a good day意为“度过愉快的一天” 同义表达法 have a good time enjoy oneself( enjoy myself/ yourself/ themselves have fun(donging sth.) 注意:当别人跟你说have a good day ,你可以回答“Thank you” 也可以回答“You, too”。 关于 how 的用法 how adv. 指范围、程度、数量、价值等的 “多少、多么”。 1) 用于疑问句中,表示身体怎样。 How is your brother? 你哥哥身体好吗? 2) 用于疑问句中,表示多少、什么程度。 How old is he?他多大年纪? How much money do you have? 你有多少钱? How many apples do you have? 你有多少苹果? How far is it from your home to school? 你家离学校有多远? How long does it take you to

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