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河南省洛阳市孟津县第二高级中学2019届高三9月月考 英语

高三英语月考试卷 2018.9.27

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笔试部分 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。
A LONG LAE CAMP FOR THE ARTS Best Performing and Fine Arts Summer Camp on Earth Long Lae Camp For The Arts is a summer Performing and Fine Arts overnight camp in the Adirondac Par of New Yor State. Boys and girls aged 8 to 16 love our self-choice schedule, world-famous facilities, good-forested location and ecellent staff. We promise you can 100% customie your summer camp schedule every minute of every day. You can design your perfect camp with either a 3- or 6-wee overnight eperience, maing lifelong friends from around the world. We specialie in Theater, Improv, Fine Arts, Dance, Music, Circus, Drama, Roc Bands, Acting, Film, Photography, and we have a beautiful waterfront and fun land sports lie Horsebac, Tennis and ATV’s. Our unique sie of only 250 children and 160 staff means every camper enjoys eceptional attention. The ratio(比率) maes it easy for children to create the best summer camp of your dreams. Long Lae is the only camp in the world to combine a spectacular laefront location, a non-competitive philosophy and nurturing staff—offering world-class professional instruction and many performance opportunities for ids. Clic here for a full list of everything we offer. Our unique “Unit Leader” program are a group of dedicated staff whose only job is to mae sure every camper is truly happy, getting everything they want at damp and eeping parents up

to date.

If you wish to become a better performer or artist, be yourself and have amaing fun each

day, then Long Lae is the perfect summer camp for you. Please eplore everything we have to

offer. Our films about camp are here and we love taling with new parents and campers, so

please do call us at 914-693-7111 to learn more.

21. In what way is Long Lae Camp special?

A. It’s located near a lae.

B. Its schedules are fleible.

C. It’s for both boys and girls.

D. It has a high staff-camper ratio.

22. What are the staff in the “Unit Leader” program supposed to do?

A. Teach classes.

B. Inform parents.

C. Train other staff.

D. Guard camp safety.

23. What’s the author’s purpose in writing the tet?

A. To introduce various arts.

B. To advertise for volunteers.

C. To attract potential campers.

D. To find promising young artists.

B I was standing in the checout line behind a woman who looed to be in her 60s. When it was her turn to pay, the cashier greeted her by name and ased her how she was doing. The woman looed down, shoo her head and said, “Not so good. My husband just lost his job and my son is up to his old trics again. The truth is, I don’t now how I’m going to get through the holidays.” Then she gave the cashier food stamps. My heart ached. I wanted to help but didn’t now how. Should I offer to pay for her groceries or as for her husband’s resume? I did nothing—yet. And the woman left the store. As I waled into the paring lot, I spotted the woman returning her shopping cart, and I remembered something in my purse that could help her in a different but hopefully profound(意义深远的) way. It wasn’t a handful of cash or a lead on a job for her husband, but maybe—just maybe—it would mae her life better. “Ecuse me,” I said, my voice trembling a bit. “I couldn’t help overhearing what you said

to the cashier. It sounds lie you’re going through a really hard time right now. I’m so sorry. I’d

lie to give you something.” And I handed her a business-sied card.

A few wees earlier, a colleague gave me a similar card as encouragement for a project I

was woring on. When I read the card, I felt a warm glow spread inside of me. Deeply touched,

I came home and ordered my own bo of cards and started sharing them too.

When the woman read the card’s only two words, she began to cry. And through her tears,

she said, “You have no idea how much this means to me.”

I was a little shoced by her reply. Having never done anything lie this before, I hadn’t

anticipated the reaction I might receive. All I could thin to respond was, “Would it be O to

give you a hug?” After the hug, I waled bac to my car and began to cry too. The words on the

card You Matter.

24. What’s one of the woman’s problems?

A. Her son often plays trics on others. B. Her family can’t spend their holidays.

C. Her family’s total income will decrease. D. She can’t afford the groceries.

25. How did the author help the woman?

A. By giving her some money.

B. By returning her shopping cart.

C. By helping her husband find a job. D. By inspiring her with confidence.

26. What made the author want to have her own cards?

A. The cashier’s greeting.

B. The woman’s trouble.

C. The card she received.

D. Her colleague’s advice.

27. Which is closest in meaning to the underlined word “anticipated” in the last paragraph?

A. Prevented. B. Epected.

C. Accepted.

D. Noticed.

C Dieting to slim down always sounds great in theory. But with so many different types of diets, it’s tough to now where to start. Certain set of rules about food and eercise can last for two days, two months, or the rest of your life. Some recommend limiting your calories, while others suggest reducing your carbs(碳水化合物). We don’t blame you if it all starts to mae

your head spin.

To help narrow the options down, some health eperts at U.S. News and World Report

evaluated 40 of the most popular diets, and then raned them according to factors lie nutrition,

effectiveness, safety, and ease. Overall, Weight Watchers was named the best diet for weight

loss.

The final results might not be what you thin of. But if you thin about it, it’s easy to see

why Weight Watchers is such a star for weight loss. “Not only does it provide a healthy,

effective program to shed pounds, but it also provides support for dieters through group

meetings. That will eep you motivated in the long run,” the eperts said.

Meanwhile, the popular eto diet tied for last place, along with the Duan diet. Whole30,

another low-carb diet, was also at the bottom of the list. Why did these mainstream meal plans

get a thumbs down from the eperts? “The eto diet is just not sustainable over the long term,”

nutritionist Lisa Drayer said. “It doesn’t teach you how to acquire healthy eating habits. It’s

good for a quic fi, but most people I now can hardly give up pasta and bread, let alone beans

and fruit.” “Still, that doesn’t mean you should ni(否决)your New Year’s resolution altogether,”

Drayer said. “Just mae sure your diet fits with your lifestyle and goals—no matter which one

you choose. Before you get started, read up on the surprising things doctors wish you new

about losing weight.”

28. What can we learn from the first paragraph?

A. It’s hard to choose a proper diet.

B. Some diets can result in a headache.

C. Dieting to slim down is easy in practice. D. Different diets can be used altogether.

29. What’s the reason for Weight Watchers’ standing out?

A. It supports dieters both physically and mentally.

B. The method it provides is cheaper and easier.

C. It searched for and learned from most popular diets.

D. It focuses much attention on its users’ safety.

30. What problem do people usually meet in losing weight?

A. Some diets are harmful to health.

B. Many diets are hard to carry out.

C. Body weight sometimes declines sharply.

D. It’s difficult to mae a decision to lose weight.

31. What does Drayer advise dieters to do?

A. Mae higher goals.

B. eep suitable diets.

C. Abandon present diets.

D. Learn from other dieters.

D In a test, scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory(PNNL)in southeastern Washington mied low-activity radioactive waste—that is, waste with very small concentrations of radioactivity—with liquid glass, then let it harden into a durable(持久的), solid material. This process immobilied(使固 化)the radioactive and chemical materials within the glass, the PNNL said. “The radioactive elements are chemically bound as part of the glass material,” Will Eaton, who led the test, told Live Science. “And the glass material is a durable waste form that separates the radioactivity from the environment for a very long time.” For the eperiment, carried out in April, scientists too about 3 gallons (11 liters) of low-activity waste from a tan at the Hanford Site, a nuclear production comple located net to the PNNL in southeastern Washington. This small-scale test is a ey step forward in the goal of dealing with millions of gallons of dangerous waste that was made from more than 40 years of plutonium(钚)production at Hanford, whose reactors produced plutonium for America’s defense program, the PNNL said. To trap the dangerous liquid waste in glass, scientists mied it with glass-forming materials, such as silica, and then slowly pumped the miture into a melter that reached 2,100 degrees Fahrenheit(1,148 degrees Celsius). At the end of the test, the scientists had about 20 pounds(9 ilograms)of glass. If the glass breas, as it did in the test, then you have many pieces of glass. The waste

components are chemically bound and are a part of the glass material. The dissolution(分解) of the glass over time(which happens very slowly)depends on surface area, so cracing has a very small effect on leaing into the environment.
Later this year, researchers plan a second vitrification test on about 2 gallons(7.5 liters) of waste from a different tan at Hanford. However, this waste will test different filtration- and ion-echange methods, the PNNL said.
Once this test is completed, the low-activity waste glass containers will be stored in the Integrated Disposal Facility at the Hanford Site. 32. What’s the significance of the test?
A. It maes reactors produce less radioactive waste. B. It provides an alternative material for the defense program. C. It helps increase the production of plutonium from reactors. D. It contributes to a new method of treating radioactive waste. 33. What can we now about the test? A. The miture was melted at a high temperature. B. Liquid waste was poured into a glass container. C. Solid waste powder was mied with liquid glass. D. A whole piece of clear glass was gained at the end. 34. What does the fifth paragraph mainly tal about? A. Instructions for breaing up the glass. B. Possible result of the dissolution of the glass. C. Technical requirements for eeping the glass. D. Ways to prevent waste entering the environment. 35. What would be the best title for the tet? A. Special ind of Glass Being Tested B. Radioactive Waste Trapped Inside Glass C. Durable Material Made of Glass and Waste D. New Way Found to Recycle Radioactive Waste

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将
该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Five Ways to Mae Studying More Fun
1. Get in the one. Pic an area of the house that is comfortable and functional. Use a stand-up des and computer station instead of the itchen table. Set up a space in your bedroom or home office that is just for studying. 36 Decorate it, paint a wall, or get some new furniture.
2. Study with a buddy. Getting together with a friend or a group of classmates can help you learn new study techniques while still getting a few laughs in. 37 Pic one person and each of you choose a side to argue. If you have a group, they can weigh in with comments and vote on the winner.
3. Brea it up. Plan scheduled study breas every hour and tae part in an activity you enjoy. Go for a quic wal, watch a short video, or eat a snac. 38 Before you tae a brea, write down what you learned during your study time and add to this list each time you tae a brea.
4. 39 By activating both the left and right brain at the same time, it maimies learning and improves memory. It’s no secret that music helps with focus, concentration, and creativity.
5. Leave the house. 40 If the weather is nice, head to a par or the beach. Study at your favorite coffee shop or boostore. If you’re a mover and a shaer, you might want to try eercising to improve memory and thining sills. Some of your best thoughts and moments of clarity come when you’re moving your body. A. Activate your brain. B. Mae use of music. C. Brea up difficult concepts into small ones. D. Put some time into maing it a place you want it to be.

E. Try having a debate about a topic you’re trying to learn. F. Sometimes a change in location can eep things fresh and eciting. G. If one hour is too long, go for 20-25 minutes and then tae a short five-minute brea.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Brian Boyle could have died. A month after 41 from high school, in July of 2004, Boyle was driving home from his swim practice when a speeding truc 42 the driver’s side door of his car. 43 , almost every of his major organs was damaged. He had about 60 percent blood loss and was 44 inside his car at the accident’s 45 .
The rescue team and firefighters 46 to get Boyle out, but it was mainly because blood donations were 47 that his life was saved. Boyle was altogether given 36 blood transfusions(输血)and 14 major operations. At last, Boyle 48 and began to get well again.
“When I heard about how much blood I received, it really 49 me,” he said. “And I thought if I ever left the hospital and made a full 50 , I promise I would 51 call for blood donation.”
He left the Intensive Care Unit in September of 2004 and entered a college. 52 , three years after he left the hospital, his injuries were still very bad. A sneee or a cough could cause much pain. While trying his best to complete his college education, Boyle remembered a(n) 53_ he had in high school to complete an Ironman triathlon(铁人三项).
“It 54 me in my third year of college that if I can do something lie crossing the 55_ line in such an etreme race, my healing will finally be complete,” Boyle said. He had only practised several days when the Ironman triathlon started in Hawaii. Despite having little 56__ for the race, Boyle completed it.
During the race, and for every race he has 57 in since then, Boyle has sported 36

little red crosses on his body to honor the blood 58 that saved his life. After 10 years of

59__ for the American Red Cross, during which he 60 the importance of giving

blood in speeches and at events across the country, Boyle began woring with the Red Cross

full-time.

41. A. separating B. escaping C. graduating

D. suffering

42. A. crashed into B. jumped over

C. combined with

D. too over

43. A. In brief B. In short

C. On the contrary D. As a result

44. A. trapped B. resting

C. thrown

D. complaining

45. A. view B. scene

C. sign

D. sight

46. A. attempted B. managed C. intended

D. determined

47. A. vacant B. epensive

C. available

D. rare

48. A. opposed B. eisted

C. appeared

D. survived

49. A. pleased B. frightened

C. disappointed

D. motivated

50. A. eamination B. recovery C. commitment

D. revision

51. A. strongly B. cautiously

C. generously

D. hopefully

52. A. Moreover B. Afterwards C. However D. Therefore

53. A. problem B. goal

C. mistae

D. advantage

54. A. informed

B. occurred C. reminded

D. struc

55. A. waiting B. traffic

C. finishing

D. production

56. A. preparation B. interest C. gift

D. motivation

57. A. participated B. believed C. failed

D. succeeded

58. A. receivers

B. givers C. buyers

D. dealers

59. A. inspecting B. planning C. organiing

D. volunteering

60. A. realied B. predicted

C. promoted

D. attached

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1,5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案

填写在答题卡上。
An international survey has found out that women are 61 (good)at dealing with money than men. They wor harder 62 (become)wealthy and they are not as liely to get into debt as men.
The survey, in which almost 5,000 men and women in 12 countries 63 (as)last month, shows that both men and women thin 64 same.
Although 40% of women said they used credit 65 (card), most of them thought that having more than one credit card could lead 66 financial problems. On the other side, most women admitted that they spent more than men.
The results of the survey can help companies understand the needs of women because they live longer and usually have less money when they retire. Women 67 share their money with their husband often suffer more when a relationship ends. Some of them have saved up money in case they get into such a situation, while others 68 (simple)don’t care.
About 6 out of every 10 women said they had financial 69 (independent). However, almost half thought that a man should be responsible for 70 (pay)the mortgage(抵押 贷款)or house payments.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或 修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
I was cycled on a countryside road last year when my mobile phone rang. I pulled it out my pocet at once. However, I dropped my ID card that was in the same pocet by the accident. I didn’t realie I have lost it until I returned home. Then I went bac and rode the same path several time looing for the card. When that was too dar to see, I gave up. A few days late I received a small envelope in that my card was held. There was no name, return address, and signature on the envelope. I felt deep grateful to that person.
第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华。你的英国朋友 Tim 打算下个月中国学习太极拳(tai chi),请你根据
以下提示给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括: 1.表示欢迎; 2.你的建议(听讲座,参加培训班,多练习等)。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
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高三英语月考答案
21、DBCCD 26、CBAAB 31、BDABB 36、DEGBF 41、CADAB 46、 BCDDB 51、ACBDC 56、AABDC

One possible version

Dear Tim,

I feel very glad to hear that you'll come to China to learn tai chi. I have

some suggestions, which I believe will benefit you a lot.

First, you'd better attend some lectures on tai chi to learn about its cultural

bacground, which is useful for your later practice. Besides, you are supposed to

select an ecellent tai chi training course, follow what the teacher tells you and

practice hard. The more you practice, the better your understanding about it will

be. What's more, you can mae new friends in the training, who will help you

with learning. I'm convinced that you'll mae rapid progress.

Looing forward to your visit.

Yours,

Lihua


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