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外研版英语必修一课件:Module+2 Section+Ⅱ Grammar_图文

语法精析 难点突破区 后接动名词作宾语的动词和动词短语 一、后接动名词作宾语的动词有: admit, appreciate, avoid, delay (耽搁), consider (考虑), enjoy, escape (逃脱), finish, imagine (想象), mind (介意), miss (错过), practice (练习), risk (冒险), resist (抵抗), suggest (建议), keep等。 ①When you finish reading, please hand back the book. 阅后请将图书归还。 ②She narrowly missed hitting him. 她差一点儿打着他。 二、后跟动名词作宾语的动词短语有: be used to (习惯于), can't help (禁不住), can't stand (无法忍受), give up (放弃), feel like (喜欢), keep on (继续), insist on (坚持), look forward to (期待), put off (推迟), devote ... to (把……用于), stick to (坚持), get down to (开始做), be proud of (以……为骄傲), have difficulty (in) (在……有困难), keep ... from, prevent ... from, stop ... from (阻止)等。 ①I devote part of my spare time to playing the violin every day. 我每天都花部分业余时间练习小提琴。 ②They may have difficulty just moving their eyes instead of their heads. 只转动眼睛而不转动头部他们可能会有困难。 【归纳拓展】 喜欢(enjoy, be fond of, feel like) 想象(imagine) 与冒险(risk), 纵有困难(have difficulty in) 莫迟延(delay, put off), 贵坚持(insist on) 不厌倦(be tired of), 不放弃(give up) 戒自满(be proud of), 不逃避(avoid, escape) 勤实践(be busy, practice), 多听建议(suggest)不蛮干。 你要问我值不值(be worth), 情难禁(can't help),勇向前, 艰难险阻禁不住(forbid), 千山万水难阻拦(keep ... from, prevent ... from, stop ... from), 错过(miss) 人生浑不怕(mind), 伟业不成(succeed, finish)誓不还。 三、有些动词后跟动名词和不定式均可,但意义不同。如: forget forget to do sth. forget doing sth. 忘记去做某事 忘记已做过某事 remember to do sth. remember remember doing sth. 记得要做某事 记得曾经做过某事 mean mean to do sth. mean doing sth. 意欲/想/打算做某事 意味着(做)什么 regret regret to do sth. regret doing sth. 后悔/遗憾去做某事 后悔/遗憾做了某事 go on can't help try stop go on to do sth. go on doing sth. can't help to do sth. can't help doing sth. try to do sth. try doing sth. stop to do sth. stop doing sth. (做完某事)接着 做另一件事 继续做同一件事 不能帮助做某事 情不自禁做某事 努力做某事 尝试做某事 停下来去做某事 停止做某事 四、当句子的主语为物,谓语动词为want, need, require和 deserve时,用动名词作宾语,主动形式表被动意义,相当于不定 式的被动式。 ①The house needs painting.=The house needs to be painted. 这房子需要刷了。 ②The plants want watering every day.=The plants want to be watered every day. 这些植物得天天浇水。 温馨提示 begin/start后跟动名词或不定式没有区别,但在下面三种情况 下需要用不定式: ①当begin/start本身用进行时态时; ②当begin/start的主语是事物时; ③当begin/start后面的动词是表示心理活动或精神状态的动词 (如:think, realize等)时。 新思维 随堂自测 Ⅰ.单句填空 1.It is difficult to imagine his accepting (accept) the decision without any consideration. 2.—I really appreciate having (have) time to relax. —I don't doubt that you are able to do so. 3.I am sorry for what I said, but I didn't mean to_hurt (hurt)you. 4.After he finished doing math exercises, he went on to_write (write) a compositio

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